Type I Diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile diabetes) is an autoimmune disease caused by deficiency of insulin production in our body. It occurs due to inflammatory damage to ?-cells in the pancreas due to an immune process. It results in an abnormally high blood sugar level (hyperglycemia).
In long term these patients develop organ related complications like fat deposition in blood vessels (atherosclerosis), loss of nerve function (neuropathy), kidney damage (nephropathy) and loss of vision (retinopathy). The mean age of onset of this condition is 8-12 years. Its incidence is 15 per 100,000 per year in US and affects 25.8 million people. Its overall incidence is increasing worldwide.
The signs and symptoms include increased thirst and increased urination. There is loss of weight though appetite may be increased. Other features include fatigue, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Women may develop absence of menstruation (amenorrhea). Recurrent candida infection, emotional lability and anxiety attacks are also associated. Over a longer period they may also develop numbness or burning sensation of the lower limbs, blurring of vision and impotence. Any minor cuts are more prone to infection and healing takes longer.
The goal of treatment is to keep the blood sugar levels under control and lead a near normal life. It also helps in prevention or delay of end organ damage and failure. Tapping on the right nutrition, physical activity and anti-antioxidants helps the individual to control the condition and protect from secondary organ system damages.
Recommended USANA Support for Diabetes Type 1
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