Diabetes Mellitus type 2 is a metabolic disorder characterized by abnormally elevated blood sugar. It is responsible for more than 90% of all cases of diabetes. It is usually seen in adults and is associated with resistance to the action of insulin hormone that is responsible for the metabolism of glucose. There is also some degree of impairment of insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Its incidence has increased worldwide possibly due to increased obesity.
Diabetes results in organ damage over the long term and manifests with blindness, kidney failure, atherosclerosis, heart attack, and stroke. The incidence of type 2 diabetes is 300 per 100,000 in men and 230 per 100,000 in women in the US. When diagnosed before the age of 40, it results in reduction in the life expectance by 12 years in men and 19 years in women.
The signs and symptoms include increased thirst and increased urination. There is loss of weight, though appetite may be increased. Other features include fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Women may develop absence of menstruation (amenorrhea). Recurrent candida infections, emotional lability, and anxiety attacks are also associated. Over a longer period patients may also develop numbness or burning sensations of the lower limbs, blurring of vision, and impotence. Any minor cuts are more prone to infection and healing takes longer.
The goal of treatment is to keep the blood sugar under control and to help patients to lead a near normal life. It also helps in prevention and to delay organ damage and failure. Providing patients with proper nutrition and glycemic control is one of the keys to preventing the long term effects of this disease.
Recommended USANA Support for Diabetes Type 2
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