A moderate case of eczema of the hands
Eczema is a skin disease characterized by the appearance of a scaly rash associated with itching. It usually starts as blisters that crust and form thick patches of scaly lesions. It is a non-contagious condition and is often associated with a history of allergy. The exact cause is not known though there are certain risk factors that predispose people to eczema. These risk factors include allergies, dry skin, sudden change in temperature and stress. Exposure to irritants like synthetic clothes, soaps and detergents, perfumes, dust, air pollution and tobacco smoke also increases the risk of developing this disorder.
With treatment, the symptoms can remain under control. More than 15 million people in US suffer from eczema. Eczema is most often seen in the young; 65% of cases occur in children under one year of age and 90% in children younger than 5 years.
Itching is the most prominent symptom. It occurs due to the dry scaly nature of the lesions. Raw areas may also appear on skin due to scratching and bleeding may also occur. Blisters with watery discharge are seen that later crust over. The skin around the blisters becomes red and inflamed.
Healing of lesions is followed by the appearance of dry, leathery patches with color changes; lighter or darker than adjacent normal skin. In children, the lesions appear on cheeks, elbows and knees whereas in adults they are more prominent over the inner side of elbows and knees.
Eczema is not curable, therefore the aim of treatment is to control the symptoms, allow healing of skin lesions and prevent permanent skin damage. Regular skin care and proper nutrition is essential to delay the progression of disease.
Recommended USANA Support for Eczema
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